- Individual Choice in Data Sharing: Providing users with the choice to opt in or opt out of data sharing processes is integral. Respecting individual preferences empowers users and aligns with principles of data protection and privacy.
- Documented Security Practices: Compliance with Sensitive Information Rules requires comprehensive documentation of information security programs. These programs should encompass operational, managerial, physical, and technical security control measures to protect different types of information assets.
III. Legal Acts Connected with Data Protection or Privacy:
- Section 43A of the Information Technology Act, 2000: This section mandates that corporations dealing with sensitive personal data must implement and maintain necessary security practices. Failure to do so, resulting in wrongful gain or loss, makes the body corporate liable for damages to the affected individual.
- Information Technology Rules, 2011: These rules safeguard sensitive data, including passwords, sexual orientation, biometric information, medical history, and financial details. Compliance with these rules is essential for businesses dealing with personal information.
- Penalties for Unauthorized Disclosure: Sections 72A and 72 of the Information Technology Act, 2000, impose penalties for the unauthorized disclosure of personal information. Disclosing information without consent, violating lawful contracts, or accessing electronic records without authorization may lead to imprisonment and fines.
- Avoidance of Technical Jargon: To enhance accessibility, the use of technical jargon and legal terms should be minimized. A user-friendly approach in language choice avoids creating a barrier for readers who may not have legal or technical expertise.